At Oklahoma Medical Eye Group, we understand that every patient with suspected glaucoma requires a thorough personalized assessment. Glaucoma is not curable, but we can work with patients who are diagnosed to minimize the impact of glaucoma by developing a personalized treatment plan. Glaucoma is a complex condition. The physicians at OMEG are committed to utilizing the best diagnostic tools and medical intervention to monitor and treat your glaucoma.
What is Glaucoma?
- Glaucoma refers to a group of disorders that cause damage to the optic nerve.
- Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness and visual impairment in the United States.
- Glaucoma can impact patients at any age.
- Most patients with glaucoma are not aware that they have the disease because they do not have pain or noticeable vision loss in the early stages.
- Glaucoma is usually first detected during a routine dilated eye exam and one of the reasons it is so important to get your eyes checked every year.
- A family history of the disease increases the risk for developing glaucoma. Other risk factors are associated with systemic health, age, race, history of trauma, certain medications, etc.
- As glaucoma progresses, patients may experience a loss of peripheral or side vision, along with sudden eye pain, headache, blurred vision or the appearance of halos around lights.
Common Types of Glaucoma
Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma
Acute closure is characterized by a sudden increase in intraocular pressure caused by blockage of the fluid outflow from the anterior chamber of the eye.
Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma
The iris obstructs the fluid outflow from the eye.
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
The drainage angle is open but does not allow fluid to drain adequately for unknown reasons.
Deposits of fibrous material causes obstruction of the fluid drainage from the eye.
Pigment from the iris clogs the eye’s drainage structures.
Angle Recession Glaucoma
Scar tissue typically from some type of trauma damages the drainage structure of the eye.
Vascular disorder or disease causes growth of new blood vessels in the eye’s drainage structures.
Normal Tension Glaucoma
Nerve damage occurs with normal eye pressure.
Congenital or pediatric glaucoma occurs in babies and young children.